Terms and Conditions
Any disputes arising from the use of this site shall be governed exclusively by the laws of the province of Quebec and the applicable laws of Canada and the user expressly consents to the exclusive forum, jurisdiction and venue of the courts of the district of Montreal, Quebec.
Delmar will use reasonable efforts to include accurate and up to date information on this site but makes no representations or warranties of any kind, either express or implicit, including but not limited to performance, fitness for a particular purpose, non infringement or with respect to the accuracy, currency or completeness of the information provided. As laws and regulations are continually changing and can only be interpreted in light of particular factual situations, nothing herein shall to any extent substitute for the independent investigations and business judgment of the reader.
This site is provided as a service to its users and Delmar reserves itself the right to modify or delete its content at any time without prior notice. As you are bound by any such revisions you should therefore periodically visit this page to review the then current terms and conditions.
The information on this site is intended to provide general information and guidance (on matters of interest) for the reader. The content herein should not be interpreted as providing a professional opinion or advice. As such it should not be used as a substitute for consultation. For detailed information specific to your situation and requirements, please contact a Delmar representative.
Delmar or any of its affiliates, directors, officers, employees or other representatives will not be liable for any damages or injuries resulting from access to or inability to access or reliance upon information provided on this website. Nor will Delmar be liable for any direct, incidental, consequential, indirect, punitive or other damages arising out of your use of this website or any errors or omissions in the content thereof, including, without limitation, lost profits, business interruption and loss of programs or other data.
Delmar shall not be liable for any damages resulting from or caused by any part of the content of this website and, specifically with respect to "DelTrac" or other shipment tracking services and their use, assumes no liability for any monetary or other damages that may be caused or may be alleged to have arisen by or through any failure of performance, error, omission, interruption, deletion, defect or delay in operation or transmission related thereto.
Status of Links
For your convenience and information, we have provided you with links to other websites. Delmar declines all responsibility for the content of any such other site(s) and makes no representations, warranty or assurance regarding the comprehensiveness, currency or accuracy of their content. When you decide to leave this site and access a third-party site, you do so with full knowledge of this fact and agree to assume the risks inherent in doing so.
Use of Site
You may view and download the information on this site only for your own personal, non-commercial or educational use. Any other use, modification or duplication of this website or its contents in whole or in part, without the prior written permission of Delmar is prohibited and then only in such a way that the source and intellectual property rights are acknowledged. For permission to reproduce any contents of this website for any public or commercial purpose, please e-mail us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
This site is protected by copyright. Therefore, you may not post, upload, publish, reproduce, transmit or otherwise distribute information or other material on it without first obtaining permission of the copyright holder. You may not otherwise use this site in a manner which is contrary to law or etiquette or which would adversely impact use of the site by others.
The material contained in this website is protected by the copyright laws of Canada and international law. It is owned by Delmar together with any other intellectual property in such material, unless otherwise indicated. All rights reserved.
The Delmar Group (Delmar) recognizes that protecting privacy is everyone's concern and for that reason, Delmar is committed to keeping its clients' information confidential. Any information provided by visitors to this website will not be disclosed to any third party except as may be required for the provision of services or for legal or regulatory purposes.
Information Collection & Use
Delmar sometimes collects anonymous information of a general nature which may include, but is not restricted to, your internet service provider's domain name, type of browser and operating system used, the date/time and the pages viewed. Such information may be aggregated for technical analysis and diagnostics, or to measure site usage and improve our service.
As sole owner of the information collected on this website, Delmar shall take all reasonable and necessary precaution to ensure that personal data remains confidential. Delmar will not sell, rent or dispose in any manner, this information to third parties except as disclosed in this policy or agreed upon individually in a separate agreement.
Delmar's Trucking Bill of Lading
Conditions of Carriage
- 1. Liability of Carrier:
- 2. Liability of Originating and Delivering Carriers:
- 3. Recovery from Connecting Carrier:
- 4. Remedy by Shipper or Consignee:
- 5. Exemptions from Liability:
- 6. Delay:
- 7. Routing by Carrier:
- 8. Stoppage in Transit:
- 9. Valuation:
- 10. Maximum Liability:
- 11. Shipper's Risk:
- 12. Notice of Claim:
- 13. Articles of Extraordinary Value:
- 14. Freight Charges:
- 15. Dangerous Goods:
- 16. Undelivered Goods:
- 17. Return of goods:
- 18. Alterations:
- 19. Weights:
- 20. C.O.D. Shipments:
- 21. All other specifications agreed to by the parties shall be indicated on the bill of lading.
- 22. Liability for all Domestic and International Air Freight:
The carrier of the goods herein described is liable for any loss of or damage to goods accepted by him or his agent except as hereinafter provided.
Where a shipment is accepted for carriage by connecting carriers, the carrier issuing the bill of lading, hereinafter called the originating carrier, and the carrier who assumes responsibility for delivery to the consignee, hereinafter called the delivering carrier, in addition to any other liability hereunder, are liable for any loss of or damage to the goods while they are in the custody of any other carrier to whom the goods are or have been transferred and from which liability the other carrier is not relieved.
The originating carrier or the delivering carrier, as the case may be, is entitled to recover from any other carrier to whom the goods are or have been transferred, the amount of the loss or damage that the originating carrier or delivering carrier, as the case may be, may be required to pay hereunder, resulting from loss or damage to the goods while they were in the custody of such other carrier. When shipments are interlined between carriers, settlement of concealed damage claims shall be prorated on the basis of revenues received.
Nothing in section 2 or 3 deprives a shipper or a consignee of any rights he may have against any carrier.
The carrier shall not be liable for loss, damage or delay to any of the goods described in the bill of lading caused by an act of God, public authorities or public enemies, riots, strikes, pandemics or events of public health, a defect or inherent vice in the goods, the act or default of the shipper, owner or consignee, authority of law, quarantine or differences in weights of grain, seed, or other commodities caused by natural causes.
No carrier is bound to transport goods by any particular vehicle or in time for any particular market or otherwise than with due dispatch, unless by agreement specifically endorsed on the bill of lading and signed by the parties thereto.
In case of physical necessity where the carrier forwards the goods by a conveyance that is not a licensed rental vehicle, the liability of the carrier is the same as though the entire carriage were by licensed rental vehicle.
Where goods are stopped and held in transit at the request of the party entitled to do so, the goods are held at the risk of that party.
Subject to section 10, the amount of any loss or damage for which the carrier is liable, whether or not the loss or damage results from negligence, shall be computed on the basis of: (a) the value of the goods at the time of shipment including the freight and other costs if paid; or (b) where a value lower than that referred to in paragraph a has been represented in writing by the shipper or has been agreed upon, such lower value shall be the maximum liability.
Save for the exception of airfreight goods as described in section 22 below, the amount of any loss or damage computed in accordance with the provisions of paragraph a or b of section 9 must not exceed $4.41(CAD) per kilogram, ($2.00 per pound) depending on the total weight of the shipment, unless the shipper has declared a higher value on the front of the bill of lading.
Where it is agreed that the goods are carried at the risk of the shipper of the goods, such agreement covers only such risks as are necessarily incidental to transportation and the agreement shall not relieve the carrier from liability for any loss or damage or delay which may result from any negligence to act or omission of the carrier, his agents or employees and the burden of proving absence of negligence shall be on the carrier.
No carrier is liable for loss, damage or delay to any goods carried under the bill of lading unless notice thereof setting out particulars of the origin, destination and date of shipment of the goods and the estimated amount claimed in respect of such loss, damage or delay is given in writing to the originating carrier or the delivering carrier within 60 days after the delivery of the goods or, in the case of failure to make delivery, within 9 months from the date of shipment.
The final statement of the claim must be filed within 9 months from the date of shipment together with a copy of the paid freight bill.
No carrier is bound to carry any documents, specie or any articles of extraordinary value unless by a special agreement to do so. If such goods are carried without a special agreement and the nature of the goods is not disclosed herein, the carrier shall not be liable for any loss or damage in excess of the maximum liability stipulated in section 10 above.
(1) If required by the carrier, the freight and all other lawful charges accruing on the goods shall be paid before delivery and, if upon inspection, it is ascertained that the goods shipped are not those described in the bill of lading, the freight charges must be paid upon the goods actually shipped with any additional charges lawfully payable thereon.
(2) Freight charges are payable on delivery, unless otherwise specified by the shipper on the bill of lading.
Every person, whether as principal or agent, shipping explosives or dangerous goods without previous full disclosure to the carrier as required by law, shall indemnify the carrier against all loss, damage or delay caused thereby, and such goods may be warehoused at the shipper's risk and expense.
(1) Where, through no fault of the carrier, the goods cannot be delivered, the carrier shall immediately give notice to the shipper and consignee that delivery has not been made, and shall request disposal instructions.
(2) Pending receipt of such disposal instructions:
(a) the goods may be stored in the warehouse of the carrier, subject to a reasonable charge for storage; or
(b) provided that the carrier has notified the shipper of his intention, the goods may be removed to, and stored in public or licensed warehouse at the expense of the shipper without liability on the part of the carrier and subject to a lien for all freight and other lawful charges, including a reasonable charge for storage.
Where notice has been given by the carrier in accordance with paragraph 1 of section 16, and no disposal instructions have been received within 10 days from the date of such notice, the carrier may return to the shipper, at the shipper's expense all undelivered shipments for which such notice has been given.
Subject to section 19, any limitation on the carrier's liability on the bill of lading, and any alteration, or addition or erasure in the bill of lading shall be signed or initialed by the shipper or his agent and the originating carrier or his agent and unless so acknowledged shall be without effect.
It shall be the responsibility of the shipper to show correct shipping weights of the shipment on the bill of lading. Where the actual weight of the shipment does not agree with the weight shown on the bill of lading, the weight shown thereon is subject to correction by the carrier.
A carrier shall not deliver a C.O.D. shipment unless payment is received in full. The charge for collecting and remitting the amount of C.O.D. bills for C.O.D. shipments must be collected from the consignee unless the shipper has otherwise so indicated and instructed on the bill of lading.
A carrier shall remit all C.O.D. monies to the shipper or his agent within 15 days after collection.
A carrier shall keep all C.O.D. monies separate from the other revenues and funds of his business in a separate trust fund or account.
A carrier shall include as a separate item in his tariff of rates the charges for collecting and remitting money paid by consignees.
Shall be limited to $1.10 (CAD) per kilogram ($0.50 per pound) to a maximum of $100 (CAD) unless a maximum value of $5000 (CAD) has been declared for insurance purposes and additional charges paid.
Version : October 5th, 2020.
Canadian Society of Customs Brokers Standard Trading Conditions
CANADIAN SOCIETY OF CUSTOMS BROKERS STANDARD TRADING CONDITIONS
APPLIES TO ALL CANADIAN CUSTOMS BROKERAGE ACTIVITIES
These are the Standard Trading Conditions which govern the business practices of members of the Canadian Society of Customs Brokers. By signing the Agency Agreement and Power of Attorney, each of the Client and the Customs Broker agree to be bound by the Agency Agreement and Power of Attorney as well as these Standard Trading Conditions attached to the Agency Agreement and Power of Attorney unless or until a party advises the other party in writing to the contrary subject to the provisions of Section 8 of these Standard Trading Conditions.
"Agency Agreement and Power of Attorney" means that Canadian Society of Customs Brokers Continuous General Agency Agreement and Power of Attorney with Power to Appoint a Sub-Agent (to which these Standard Trading Conditions are attached) signed by the Client to appoint the Customs Broker as its agent and attorney in connection with the services described therein.
"Applicable Laws" has the meaning set out in Section 6(a).
"Canadian Government Agencies and Departments" or “CGAD” means the Canada Border Services Agency, any other department or agency, and successor department or agency thereof, of the Government of Canada or any Province thereof having jurisdiction over the import and export of goods into and from Canada.
"Client" means that individual, partnership, association, entity or corporation at whose request or on whose behalf, either directly or indirectly, the Customs Broker undertakes any business or provides advice, information or services, and who is named as the Client in the Agency Agreement and Power of Attorney.
"Customs Broker" means that individual, partnership, entity or corporation licensed by the Canada Border Services Agency, or other authorized body, to engage in the business of a customs broker and who is named as the Customs Broker in the Agency Agreement and Power of Attorney.
"Disbursements" means any payment made by the Customs Broker, on behalf of the Client, for any product or service rendered in connection with the facilitation of the import and export of goods, including but not limited to Government Charges, and any additional taxes, freight, storage, penalties, interest, fines and any other amounts, charges or payments, including, without limitation, payments for goods on COD shipments made by the Customs Broker on behalf of the Client.
"Disbursement Fees" means those fees charged by the Customs Broker to the Client in connection with arranging, making and/or managing Disbursements.
"Fees" has the meaning set out in Section 2(a), and includes, without limitation, Disbursement Fees.
"Government Charges" means those duties, taxes, penalties, interest, fines or other charges or amounts charged or levied by CGAD or other applicable governmental authority on imported or exported goods including, without limitation, goods imported into Canada, exported from Canada or reported or released or to be reported or released under the Customs Act, the Customs Tariff, the Excise Act, the Excise Tax Act, the Special Import Measures Act and/or any other Applicable Laws relating to customs, import and/or export.
"Losses" means losses, damages, delays, costs, injuries, fees (including without limitation legal fees and expenses), liabilities, expenses, actions, suits, proceedings, demands and claims of any kind or nature whatsoever.
"Services" means those customs broker services described in Annex 1 which are required by the Client and agreed to be provided by the Customs Broker.
“Sub-Agent” means that person to whom a license to transact business as a customs broker has been issued under the Customs Act and who the Customs Broker may retain as its own agent in connection with the Services, or part thereof, that the Customs Broker performs for the Client.
2. Fees and Disbursements
The fees for Services shall be in accordance with the fee schedule as agreed upon between the Client and the Customs Broker, as amended from time to time (the "Fees").The fees for Services shall be in accordance with the fee schedule as agreed upon between the Client and the Customs Broker, as amended from time to time (the "Fees").
(a) Disbursements incurred by the Customs Broker on behalf of the Client shall be reimbursed to the Customs Broker by the Client.
3. Invoicing and Payment
The Customs Broker shall issue invoices to the Client for all Fees and Disbursements pertaining to the Services.
(a) Promptly upon receipt of invoices hereunder, the Client shall pay to the Customs Broker, in cash or by other immediately available and irrevocable funds delivery as agreed to by the Customs Broker, as and when due in accordance herewith, all Fees and Disbursements for the Services without any reduction, deduction, set-off or deferment on account of any claim or counterclaim whatsoever.
(b) Interest on all late payments shall be charged and paid at a rate equal to the prime lending rate set by the Bank of Canada plus 5% per annum, as it fluctuates from time to time, which interest shall be calculated and charged commencing 14 days after the relevant invoice date unless otherwise agreed to in writing by the parties.
(c) To the extent the Customs Broker owes any amounts to the Client, the Customs Broker may set-off that amount owing to the Client as against any amount the Client owes the Customs Broker.
4. Advancement of Funds
(a) Upon request by the Customs Broker, the Client shall, prior to the Customs Broker’s release of any shipment of goods imported by the Client, promptly provide to the Customs Broker sufficient funds to enable the Customs Broker to pay on behalf of the Client all Disbursements that are estimated by the Customs Broker to be payable in connection with such shipment.
(b) If, at any time, the Customs Broker or CGAD determines that additional funds are required with respect to goods imported by the Client, the Client shall upon demand of either the Customs Broker or CGAD promptly advance such additional funds to the Customs Broker.
(c) If, after payment of Disbursements by the Customs Broker concerning the goods imported by the Client, any balance of funds remains outstanding to the credit of the Client, the Customs Broker shall promptly return to the Client any remaining balance of funds,
i. unless otherwise instructed by the Client; or
ii. unless there are past due accounts owing by the Client to the Customs Broker in which case the Customs Broker may, on notice to the Client, pay its outstanding Fees and/or Disbursements (or part thereof) from the said remaining balance of funds.
(d) If the Client fails to advance funds to the Customs Broker when requested by the Customs Broker or CGAD, the Customs Broker shall have no obligation to render or perform any Services for or on behalf of the Client, and the Client shall be responsible, and reimburse, defend, indemnify and hold harmless the Customs Broker, for all Losses in connection therewith.
5. Duties and Responsibilities of the Client
(a) The Client shall:
i. promptly provide to the Customs Broker all information necessary for the Customs Broker to provide the Services including, without limitation, all information required to complete CGAD’s documentation and/or furnish required data to CGAD or other applicable governmental authorities;
ii. promptly review all documentation and/or data and notify the Customs Broker of any inaccuracies, errors or omissions found therein; and
iii. reimburse, defend, indemnify and save harmless the Customs Broker with respect to each matter set out in Section 5(c) and against any and all Losses which result from or arise in connection with inaccuracies, mistakes or omissions in the information and documentation provided to the Customs Broker by the Client or its employees, representatives and/or agents and relied upon by the Customs Broker and/or its own Sub-Agents.
(b) The Client warrants that (i) it is the importer, exporter and/or owner of the goods (as applicable) for which it has retained the Services of the Customs Broker; (ii) it has full power and authority to retain and appoint as agent and attorney and authorize and instruct the Customs Broker including, without limitation, as set out in the Agency Agreement and Power of Attorney; and (iii) all information provided to the Customs Broker is complete, true and accurate. The Client acknowledges that the Customs Broker is relying on such information to provide the Services.
(c) The Client is solely liable and responsible for each and all of:
i. Disbursements made by the Customs Broker on behalf of the Client;
ii. Government Charges; and
iii. Losses incurred or sustained by the Customs Broker in relation to the provision of Services to the Client.
6. Duties and Responsibilities of the Customs Broker
(a) The Customs Broker shall at all times provide Services in a timely and professional manner in accordance with the generally accepted standards of the Canadian customs brokerage industry and in compliance with all applicable laws and regulations of Canada and any applicable Province, Territory and municipality thereof (“Applicable Laws”).
(b) All information pertaining to the Client is, and shall be kept, confidential by the Customs Broker, its Sub-Agents and service providers, if applicable, and shall only be released to CGAD or other applicable government, police or official investigation authorities, if and as (i) required by Applicable Laws or order of a body, agency or court of competent jurisdiction and authority; and/or (ii) directed or authorized by written instructions from the Client to the Customs Broker to release confidential information, or any part thereof, to third parties.
(c) The Customs Broker shall take all reasonable steps to provide the Services in accordance with the instructions from the Client, provided however, that if in the Customs Broker’s judgment it is in the Client’s interest to depart from the Client's instructions, the Customs Broker is hereby instructed and directed to do so and shall be reimbursed, defended, indemnified and saved harmless by the Client for all Losses incurred in so doing.
(d) The Customs Broker shall provide to the Client in respect of each transaction or summary accounting made on the Client's behalf a copy of the accounting documents and data pertaining thereto.
(e) The Customs Broker shall promptly account to the Client for funds received by the Customs Broker to the extent that these funds are:
i. for the credit of the Client from the Receiver General for Canada or other applicable government authorities; or
ii. from the Client by way of advances provided in Section 4 in excess of the Disbursements payable in respect of the Client or the Client's business.
(f) The Customs Broker shall not be liable for any Losses resulting from or caused in any part by (i) the Customs Broker’s negligence, misconduct or breach or for anything which it may do or refrain from doing; (ii) any act of God, unavoidable delay or event, or other act or cause beyond the reasonable control of the Customs Broker; or (iii) the Customs Broker’s failure to provide the Services as a result of or due to the operation of the Applicable Laws, or the applicable laws of any other country that affects the Services, or a change in the policies of CGAD or other applicable governmental authorities.
(g) The Customs Broker shall use its commercially reasonable efforts, in accordance with industry standards, to advise the Client on matters referred to the Customs Broker. The Client (i) acknowledges that the Customs Broker has given no assurances, representations or warranties to the Client regarding the outcome of these matters, and (ii) understands that there is no guarantee of any specific results from the Services.
7. Limitation of Liability
Neither the Customs Broker nor the Client will be liable for any consequential, special, incidental, indirect, punitive or exemplary damages resulting from these Standard Trading Conditions, the Agency Agreement and Power of Attorney, any act of God, ‘force majeure’ or unavoidable delay, or event beyond the reasonable control of the affected party. In addition, the Customs Broker shall not be liable for any loss of profit, loss of revenue, loss of use or other like damages or losses, or damages arising in tort, whether or not known or contemplated, in connection with the Services, these Standard Trading Conditions and/or the Agency Agreement and Power of Attorney.
In the event that the Agency Agreement and Power of Attorney is terminated and there are any outstanding matters pertaining to the Client for which the Customs Broker has been engaged by the Client and for which the Customs Broker remains liable to make payment, the Agency Agreement and Power of Attorney (with these Standard Trading Conditions) shall continue in force with respect to such matters until such matters are concluded and payment by the Client to the Customs Broker of such funds as may be required to satisfy all outstanding payment obligations and liabilities of the (a) Customs Broker to CGAD and/or others and (b) Client to Customs Broker, CGAD and/or others (including all Fees and Disbursements), has been made by the Client.
9. Governing Law
These Standard Trading Conditions are governed by the laws of the Province or Territory in Canada within which the Customs Broker has its principal place of business, and the federal laws of Canada applicable therein, and the Client hereby irrevocably attorns to the courts of such Province or Territory. The Agency Agreement and Power of Attorney, together with these Standard Trading Conditions, enure to the benefit of and are binding upon the parties and their respective executors, administrators, successors and assigns.
The parties agree that where they have used electronic communications in whole or in part to transact any business, those communications will be given legal effect in accordance with the provisions of the Uniform Electronic Commerce Act (or successor legislation) as approved by the Uniform Law Conference of Canada or enacted by the federal or provincial legislatures, as applicable.
Each provision of these Standard Trading Conditions is and shall be deemed to be separate and severable and if any provision or part thereof is held for any reason to be unenforceable, the remainder of these Standard Trading Conditions shall remain in full force and effect.
Customs Broker Services
The Customs Broker will provide to the Client import and export services, and ancillary services related thereto, when requested by the Client and accepted by the Customs Broker. These may include, as selected by the Client:
(i) assisting the Client in the preparation of information required by CGAD with respect to trade-related matters including, without limitation, the importation of goods into Canada by the Client or the exportation of goods from Canada by the Client;
(ii) presenting information, by any acceptable means, on behalf of the Client to CGAD required to report, release and/or account for the Client's goods including information as may be required for in-bond transportation within Canada;
(iii) arranging for, managing, making and/or paying any requisite Government Charges and/or Disbursements by or on behalf of the Client and obtaining release of goods from CGAD;
(iv) making arrangements for delivery of the goods;
(v) assisting the Client in preparing and presenting information required by domestic and foreign jurisdictions including, without limitation, CGAD and other applicable government authorities with respect to trade-related matters and/or goods imported into or exported from Canada by the Client;
(vi) providing information and advice concerning the relevant laws and regulations pertaining to trade-related matters and/or the import into Canada and the export from Canada of the Client's goods;
(vii) providing advice on tariff classification, value for duty, origin and any other relevant federal or provincial customs requirements;
(viii) providing advice on federal and provincial tax implications, payment options and any other tax requirements concerning the Client's imported goods;
(ix) providing advice concerning Government Charges, refunds, drawbacks, and remissions, as well as appeals of tariff classification or value for duty decisions of CGAD;
(x) preparing and filing refunds, appeals, drawbacks and remission applications;
(xi) providing consulting, advice, information and assistance to the Client on matters pertaining to the seizure, detention, and forfeiture of goods; and
(xii) providing consulting, advice, information and assistance on all other matters necessary and incidental to the foregoing Services;
in each case, all the foregoing at and subject to the instructions of and on behalf of the Client.
Version : September 2016
NCBFAA Terms & Conditions of Service
Applies to all US Customs Brokerage and Freight Forwarding activities
These terms and conditions of service constitute a legally binding contract between the "Company" and the "Customer". In the event the Company renders services and issues a document containing Terms and Conditions governing such services, the Terms and Conditions set forth in such other document(s) shall govern those services.
- (a) "Company" shall mean Delmar International (N.Y.) Inc., its subsidiaries, related companies, agents and/or representatives;
- (b) "Customer" shall mean the person for which the Company is rendering service, as well as its principals, agents and/or representatives, including, but not limited to, shippers, importers, exporters, carriers, secured parties, warehousemen, buyers and/or sellers, shipper's agents, insurers and underwriters, break-bulk agents, consignees, etc. It is the responsibility of the Customer to provide notice and copy(s) of these terms and conditions of service to all such agents or representatives;
- (c) "Documentation" shall mean all information received directly or indirectly from Customer, whether in paper or electronic form;
- (d) "Ocean Transportation Intermediaries" ("OTI") shall include an "ocean freight forwarder" and a "non-vessel operating carrier";
- (e) "Third parties" shall include, but not be limited to, the following: "carriers, truckmen, cartmen, lightermen, forwarders, OTIs, customs brokers, agents, warehousemen and others to which the goods are entrusted for transportation, cartage, handling and/or delivery and/or storage or otherwise".
2. Company as agent
- The Company acts as the "agent" of the Customer for the purpose of performing duties in connection with the entry and release of goods, post entry services, the securing of export licenses, the filing of export and security documentation on behalf of the Customer and other dealings with Government Agencies, or for arranging for transportation services, both domestically and internationally, or other logistics services in any capacity other than as a carrier.
3. Limitation of Actions
- (a) Unless subject to a specific statute or international convention, all claims against the Company for a potential or actual loss, must be made in writing and received by the Company, within ninety (90) days of the event giving rise to claim; the failure to give the Company timely notice shall be a complete defense to any suit or action commenced by Customer.
- (b) All suits against Company must be filed and properly served on Company as follows:
- (i) For claims arising out of ocean transportation, within one (1) year from the date of the loss;
- (ii) For claims arising out of brokering domestic motor carrier transportation, within two (2) years from the date of loss;
- (iii) For claims arising out of air transportation, within two (2) years from the date of the loss;
- (iv) For claims arising out of the preparation and/or submission of an import entry(s), within seventy-five (75) days from the date of liquidation of the entry(s);
- (v) For any and all other claims of any other type, within two (2) years from the date of the loss or damage.
4. No Liability For The Selection or Services of Third Parties and/or Routes.
- Unless services are performed by persons or firms engaged pursuant to express written instructions from the Customer, Company shall use reasonable care in its selection of third parties, or in selecting the means, route and procedure to be followed in the handling, transportation, clearance and delivery of the shipment; advice by the Company that a particular person or firm has been selected to render services with respect to the goods, shall not be construed to mean that the Company warrants or represents that such person or firm will render such services nor does Company assume responsibility or liability for any actions(s) and/or inaction(s) of such third parties and/or its agents, and shall not be liable for any delay or loss of any kind, which occurs while a shipment is in the custody or control of a third party or the agent of a third party; all claims in connection with the Act of a third party shall be brought solely against such party and/or its agents; in connection with any such claim, the Company shall reasonably cooperate with the Customer, which shall be liable for any charges or costs incurred by the Company.
5. Quotations Not Binding
- Quotations as to fees, rates of duty, freight charges, insurance premiums or other charges given by the Company to the Customer are for informational purposes only and are subject to change without notice; no quotation shall be binding upon the Company unless the Company in writing agrees to undertake the handling or transportation of the shipment at a specific rate or amount set forth in the quotation and payment arrangements are agreed to between the Company and the Customer.
6. Reliance On Information Furnished
- (a) Customer acknowledges that it is required to review all documents and declarations prepared and/or filed with U.S. Customs & Border Protection, other Government Agency and/or third parties, and will immediately advise the Company of any errors, discrepancies, incorrect statements, or omissions on any declaration or other submission filed on Customers behalf;
- (b) In preparing and submitting customs entries, export declarations, applications, security filings, documentation, delivery orders and/or other required data, the Company relies on the correctness of all documentation, whether in written or electronic format, and all information furnished by Customer; Customer shall use reasonable care to ensure the correctness of all such information and shall indemnify and hold the Company harmless from any and all claims asserted and/or liability or losses suffered by reason of the Customer's failure to disclose information or any incorrect, incomplete or false statement by the Customer or its agent, representative or contractor upon which the Company reasonably relied. The Customer agrees that the Customer has an affirmative non-delegable duty to disclose any and all information required to import, export or enter the goods.
- (c) Customer acknowledges that it is required to provide verified weights obtained on calibrated, certified equipment of all cargo that is to be tendered to steamship lines and represents that Company is entitled to rely on the accuracy of such weights and to counter -sign or endorse it as agent of Customer in order to provide the certified weight to the steamship lines. The Customer agrees that it shall indemnify and hold the Company harmless from any and all claims, losses, penalties or other costs resulting from any incorrect or questionable statements of the weight provided by the Customer or its agent or contractor on which the Company relies.
- (d) Customer acknowledges that it is required to advise Company in advance of its intention to tender hazardous material goods and that it will otherwise comply with all federal and international hazardous material regulations.
7. Declaring Higher Value To Third Parties
- Third parties to whom the goods are entrusted may limit liability for loss or damage; the Company will request excess valuation coverage only upon specific written instructions from the Customer, which must agree to pay any charges therefore; in the absence of written instructions or the refusal of the third party to agree to a higher declared value, at Company's discretion, the goods may be tendered to the third party, subject to the terms of the third party's limitations of liability and/or terms and conditions of service.
- Unless requested to do so in writing and confirmed to Customer in writing, Company is under no obligation to procure insurance on Customer's behalf; in all cases, Customer shall pay all premiums and costs in connection with procuring requested insurance.
9. Disclaimers; Limitation of Liability
- (a) Except as specifically set forth in these terms and conditions, Company makes no express or implied warranties in connection with its services;
- (b) Customer may obtain insurance coverage for cargo loss or damage, up to the actual or declared value of the shipment or transaction, by requesting such coverage and agreeing to make payment therefor, which request must be confirmed in writing by the Company prior to rendering services for the covered transaction(s).
- (c) In all events, the Company's liability shall be limited to the following:
- (i) where the claim arises from activities other than those relating to customs business, $ fifty (50) per shipment or transaction, or
- (ii) where the claim arises from activities relating to "Customs business," $ fifty (50) per entry or the amount of brokerage fees paid to Company for the entry, whichever is less;
- (d) In no event shall Company be liable or responsible for consequential, indirect, incidental, statutory or punitive damages, even if it has been put on notice of the possibility of such damages, or for the acts of third parties.
- (e) With respect to domestic transportation, Company shall not be liable for a motor carrier’s failure to maintain insurance or for the accuracy of any documentation furnished by a motor carrier to Company or Customer evidencing said coverage.
10. Advancing Money
- All charges must be paid by Customer in advance unless the Company agrees in writing to extend credit to customer; the granting of credit to a Customer in connection with a particular transaction shall not be considered a waiver of this provision by the Company.
11. Indemnification/Hold Harmless
- The Customer agrees to indemnify, defend, and hold the Company harmless from any claims and/or liability, fines, penalties and/or attorneys' fees arising from the importation or exportation of customers merchandise and/or any conduct of the Customer, including but not limited to the inaccuracy of entry, export or security data supplied by Customer or its agent or representative, which violates any Federal, State and/or other laws, and further agrees to indemnify and hold the Company harmless against any and all liability, loss, damages, costs, claims, penalties, fines and/or expenses, including but not limited to reasonable attorney's fees, which the Company may hereafter incur, suffer or be required to pay by reason of such claims; in the event that any claim, suit or proceeding is brought against the Company, it shall give notice in writing to the Customer by mail at its address on file with the Company.
12. C.O.D. or Cash Collect Shipments
- Company shall use reasonable care regarding written instructions relating to "Cash/Collect on Deliver (C.O.D.)" shipments, bank drafts, cashier's and/or certified checks, letter(s) of credit and other similar payment documents and/or instructions regarding collection of monies but shall not have liability if the bank or consignee refuses to pay for the shipment.
13. Costs of Collection
- In any dispute involving monies owed to Company, the Company shall be entitled to all costs of collection, including reasonable attorney's fees and interest at fifteen (15) % per annum or the highest rate allowed by law, whichever is less unless a lower amount is agreed to by Company.
14. General Lien and Right To Sell Customer's Property
- (a) Company shall have a continuing lien on any and all property and documents relating thereto of Customer coming into Company's actual or constructive possession, custody or control or enroute, which lien shall survive delivery, for all charges, expenses or advances owed to Company with regard to the shipment on which the lien is claimed, a prior shipment(s) and/or both. Customs duties, transportation charges, and related payments advanced by the Company shall be deemed paid in trust on behalf of the Customer and treated as pass through payments made on behalf of the Customer for which the Company is acting as a mere conduit.
- (b) Company shall provide written notice to Customer of its intent to exercise such lien, the exact amount of monies due and owing, as well as any on-going storage or other charges; Customer shall notify all parties having an interest in its shipment(s) of Company's rights and/or the exercise of such lien.
- (c) Unless, within thirty days of receiving notice of lien, Customer posts cash or letter of credit at sight, or, if the amount due is in dispute, an acceptable bond equal to 110% of the value of the total amount due, in favor of Company, guaranteeing payment of the monies owed, plus all storage charges accrued or to be accrued, Company shall have the right to sell such shipment(s) at public or private sale or auction and any net proceeds remaining thereafter shall be refunded to Customer.
15. No Duty To Maintain Records For Customer
- Customer acknowledges that pursuant to Sections 508 and 509 of the Tariff Act, as amended, (19 USC §1508 and 1509) it has the duty and is solely liable for maintaining all records required under the Customs and/or other Laws and Regulations of the United States; unless otherwise agreed to in writing, the Company shall only keep such records that it is required to maintain by Statute(s) and/or Regulation(s), but not act as a "recordkeeper" or "recordkeeping agent" for Customer.
16. Obtaining Binding Rulings, Filing Protests, etc.
- Unless requested by Customer in writing and agreed to by Company in writing, Company shall be under no obligation to undertake any pre- or post-Customs release action, including, but not limited to, obtaining binding rulings, advising of liquidations, filing of petition(s) and/or protests, etc.
17. No Duty To Provide Licensing Authority
- Unless requested by Customer in writing and agreed to by the Company in writing, Company shall not be responsible for determining licensing authority or obtaining any license or other authority pertaining to the export from or import into the United States.
18. Preparation and Issuance of Bills of Lading
- Where Company prepares and/or issues a bill of lading, Company shall be under no obligation to specify thereon the number of pieces, packages and/or cartons, etc.; unless specifically requested to do so in writing by Customer or its agent and Customer agrees to pay for same, Company shall rely upon and use the cargo weight supplied by Customer.
19. No Modification or Amendment Unless Written
- These terms and conditions of service may only be modified, altered or amended in writing signed by both Customer and Company; any attempt to unilaterally modify, alter or amend same shall be null and void.
20. Compensation of Company
- The compensation of the Company for its services shall be included with and is in addition to the rates and charges of all carriers and other agencies selected by the Company to transport and deal with the goods and such compensation shall be exclusive of any brokerage, commissions, dividends, or other revenue received by the Company from carriers, insurers and others in connection with the shipment. On ocean exports, upon request, the Company shall provide a detailed breakout of the components of all charges assessed and a true copy of each pertinent document relating to these charges. In any referral for collection or act ion against the Customer for monies due the Company, upon recovery by the Company, the Customer shall pay the expenses of collection and/or litigation, including a reasonable attorney fee.
21. Force Majeure
- Company shall not be liable for losses, damages, delays, wrongful or missed deliveries or nonperformance, in whole or in part, of its responsibilities under the Agreement, resulting from circumstances beyond the control of either Company or its sub -contractors, including but not limited to: (i) acts of God, including flood, earthquake, tornado, storm, hurricane, power failure, epidemic or other severe health crisis, or other natural disaster; (ii) war, hijacking, robbery, theft or terrorist activities; (iii) incidents or deteriorations to means of transportation, (iv) embargoes, (v) civil commotions or riots, (vi) defects, nature or inherent vice of the goods; (vii) acts, breaches of contract or omissions by Customer, Shipper, Consignee or anyone else who may have an interest in the shipment, (viii) acts by any government or any agency or subdivision thereof, including denial or cancellation of any import/export or other necessary license; or (ix) strikes, lockouts or other labor conflicts. In such event, Company reserves the right to amend any tariff or negotiated freight or logistics rates, on one day’s notice, as necessary to provide the requested service.
- In the event any Paragraph(s) and/or portion(s) hereof is found to be invalid and/or unenforceable, then in such event the remainder hereof shall remain in Full force and effect. Company's decision to waive any provision herein, either by conduct or otherwise, shall not be deemed to be a further or continuing waiver of such provision or to otherwise waive or invalidate any other provision herein.
23. Governing Law; Consent to Jurisdiction and Venue
- These terms and conditions of service and the relationship of the parties shall be construed according to the laws of the State of New York without giving consideration to principles of conflict of law. Customer and Company:
- (a) irrevocably consent to the jurisdiction of the United States District Court and the State courts of New York;
- (b) agree that any action relating to the services performed by Company, shall only be brought in said courts;
- (c) consent to the exercise of in personam jurisdiction by said courts over it, and
- (d) further agree that any action to enforce a judgment may be instituted in any jurisdiction.
© Approved by the National Customs Brokers and Forwarders Association of America, Inc. (Revised 4/16/2020)
STANDARD TRADING CONDITIONS of The Canadian International Freight Forwarding Association
Adopted May 20, 2021
1. ROLE OF FORWARDER ("the COMPANY")
- The Company offers its services on the basis of these conditions that apply to all activities of the Company in arranging transportation or providing related services, such as, but not limited to, warehousing and any other kind of logistics services. The Company may provide its services as either principal or agent. The Company acts as agent of the Customer, except
- (a) where it issues a transport document or electronic record evidencing its obligation for the delivery of goods, or
- (b) to the extent it physically handles goods by its own employees and equipment in the course of performing any service in which cases it acts as principal,
- but whether acting as principal or as agent these conditions govern the rights and liabilities of the Customer and the Company.
- When determining any rights or liabilities of the Company under these conditions, the word “Customer” shall include the party giving instructions, the shipper, the consignee, and the owner of the goods. Notwithstanding the foregoing, advice is for the Customer only and is not to be furnished to any other party without the Company’s prior written consent. Gratuitous advice and information that is not related to instructions accepted by the Company is provided without liability of any kind, including for negligence.
2. CLAIMS AGAINST OTHERS
- These Conditions also apply whenever any claim is made against any employee, agent or independent contractor engaged by the Company to perform any transport or related service for the Customer's goods, whether such claims are founded in contract or in tort, and the aggregate liability of the Company and all such persons shall not exceed the limitations of liability in these conditions. For purposes of this clause the Company acts as agent for all such persons who may ratify such agency at any subsequent time.
3. ROLE AS AGENT
- When acting as an agent, the Company acts solely on behalf of the Customer in engaging the services of third parties on the usual terms and conditions on which the third parties offer such services for the carriage, storage, packing or handling of any goods, or for any other service in relation to them, thereby establishing a direct contract between the Customer and the provider of such services capable of being enforced by the Customer as principal, whether or not the Customer is identified in the contract. The Company shall on demand by the Customer provide evidence of any contracts made on its behalf.
4. ROLE AS PRINCIPAL
- Where requested by the Customer the Company may
- (a) issue a transport document or electronic record by which it as principal undertakes carriage of particular goods; or
- (b) guarantee in writing proper performance of the terms of any contract between the Customer and a third party whose services the Company has engaged on behalf of the Customer.
- Where it issues a transport document or electronic record, or provides a guarantee, the rights and obligations of the Company will be governed by the special conditions therein in addition to these conditions, and in any event the Company is liable only to the same extent as the third party who performs the carriage or guaranteed service, as may be limited by the conditions on which that party customarily offers its services. In the event of any inconsistency with these provisions, the special conditions prevail.
5. SERVICES REQUIRING SPECIAL ARRANGEMENTS
- The Customer must give instructions in writing to the Company a reasonable time before the tender of goods for storage or transport where it requests the Company to:
- (a) arrange for the departure or arrival of goods before specific dates;
- (b) arrange for goods to be carried, stored or handled separately from other goods;
- (c) arrange for the transport of goods that may taint or affect other goods, or may harbour or encourage vermin or pests;
- (d) make a declaration of value or special interest in delivery to any carrier or terminal;
- (e) direct carriers or delivery agents to hold goods until payment of any amount or until surrender of a document;
- (f) arrange for the transport of goods of unusual high value, luxury goods, currency, negotiable Instruments or securities of any kind, precious metals or stones; antiques or art; human remains, livestock or plants, or any other comparable cargos.
- Where for any reason it does not accept such instructions, the Company must promptly so advise the Customer by any means of communication used in the ordinary course of business. If it continues to use the Company's services for the contemplated transport after receiving such advice, the Customer assumes all risks connected with the non-performance of such instructions, whether caused or contributed to by the Company's negligence or not.
6. THE COMPANY'S GENERAL RESPONSIBILITIES
- (A) The Company shall exercise reasonable care in the discharge of its obligations including the selection and instruction of third parties that provide any services engaged on behalf of the Customer.
- (B) The Company shall arrange transport and any related services within a reasonable time after receiving the Customer's instructions.
- (C) If it has reasonable grounds for departing from any of the Customer's instructions, the Company can do so without prior authorization from the Customer, but must act with due regard to the interests of the Customer, and, as soon as possible, inform the Customer of its actions and any additional charges resulting therefrom.
7. CUSTOMER'S GENERAL RESPONSIBILITIES
- (A) The Customer shall be deemed to be competent and to have reasonable knowledge of matters affecting the conduct of its business, including terms of purchase and sale, the need for insurance and the extent of coverage available for the type of goods being tendered for shipment, the need to preserve and retain documentation, the need for care to avoid transmitting viruses by electronic communications, the need for confidential handling of information relating to high value goods, and all other matters relating thereto.
- (B) The Customer warrants that all information in whatever form relating to the general and dangerous character of the goods, their description, bar-coding, marks, number, weight, volume and quantity of the goods, as furnished by the Customer or on its behalf, was accurate and complete at the time the goods were taken in charge by the Company or any third party whose services it has engaged. The Customer further undertakes to provide independent confirmation of such particulars on the request of the Company.
8. CUSTOMER'S RESPONSIBILITY FOR PACKAGED AND CONTAINERIZED GOODS
- (A) Except where the Company has accepted instructions in respect of the preparation, packing, stowage, labeling or marking of the goods the Customer warrants that all goods have been properly and sufficiently prepared, packed, stowed, labeled and/or marked, and that the preparation, packing, stowage, labeling and marking are appropriate to any operations or transactions affecting the goods and the characteristics of the goods. Without limiting the foregoing the Customer is responsible for timely communication of and warrants the accuracy of the verified gross mass (VGM) of the package(s) and or the transport unit and the identity of the duly authorized person so verifying. The customer shall maintain documentation evidencing measurement of VGM as required by law.
- (B) Unless the Company has accepted instructions to arrange for or to perform the loading of a transport unit by its employees, the Customer warrants that:
- (a) the transport unit has been properly and competently loaded
- (b) the goods are suitable for carriage in or on the transport unit; and
- (c) the transport unit is in a suitable condition to carry the goods loaded therein (save to such extent as the Company has approved the suitability of the transport unit).
9. QUOTATIONS AND INVOICING
- (A) The Company does not assume a role as principal by providing a fixed price quotation, or by rendering an invoice where the difference between the amounts payable to third parties retained to carry out the Customer's instructions and the fixed price represents the Company's gross profit for its services. A Customer agrees that the Company is an agent as provided in Section 1 where the Customer
- (a) accepts a fixed price quotation, or
- (b) does not within thirty days after receipt of the invoice object to the Company charging a fixed price for its services.
- (B) Quotations are given on the basis of immediate acceptance and are subject to withdrawal or revision. Unless otherwise provided in the quotation the Company may, after acceptance, revise quotations or charges upon notice in the event of changes beyond the Company's control, including changes in exchange rates, rates of freight, carrier surcharges, or any charges applicable to the goods.
10. CHARGES COLLECT SHIPMENTS
- When goods are accepted or dealt with upon instructions to collect freight, duties, charges or other expenses from the consignee or any other person, the Customer shall remain responsible for the same if they are not paid by such consignee or other person immediately when due.
11. CHANGED CIRCUMSTANCES/FAILURE TO TAKE DELIVERY
- If events or circumstances, including a Customer's failure to take delivery, occur that affect performance of the Customer's mandate, the Company shall take reasonable steps to obtain the Customer's further instructions. If for whatever reason it does not receive timely instructions, the Company may
- (a) store the goods at the sole risk and expense of the Customer, or
- (b) sell the goods immediately and without further notice, and hold any net proceeds for the account of the Customer or
- (c) authorize any third party to abandon carriage and make the Goods or any part of them available to the Customer at a place that is reasonable in the circumstances.
12. DANGEROUS GOODS
- (A) The Customer undertakes not to tender for transportation any goods that are of a dangerous, inflammable, radioactive, hazardous or damaging nature without giving full particulars of the goods to the Company. The Customer undertakes to mark the goods and the outside of any packages or container in which they may be placed to comply with any laws or regulations that may be applicable during the carriage. In the case of goods where the place of receipt is a point within Canada, the Customer further warrants that the goods, the packaging and marking thereof comply in all respects with the provisions of any legislation or regulations governing the transportation of dangerous goods.
- (B) If its fails to comply with the requirements of sub-clause (A), the Customer shall indemnify the Company against all loss, damage or expense arising out of the goods being tendered for transportation or handled or carried by or on behalf of third parties retained by the Company.
- (C) Goods which in the opinion of the Company or the person who has custody or possession thereof are or may become dangerous and present a hazard may at any time or place be unloaded, destroyed or rendered harmless without liability on the part of the Company.
- (A) The Customer must give the Company instructions in writing to arrange insurance on its goods a reasonable time before the tender of goods for storage or transport. The Company may carry out these instructions by declaring the value of the goods under an open marine cargo policy taken out by the Company, and, upon request, provide a certificate or declaration of insurance, or other evidence of insurance. The coverage on goods so declared is subject to the terms and conditions of the policy. The Company is not liable if the Customer for any reason whatsoever fails to recover a loss in whole or in part from the insurer under the policy, even though the premium charged by the insurer is different from the Company's charges to the Customer.
- (B) If coverage under its open marine cargo policy is not satisfactory, the Company will recommend an insurance broker to arrange insurance appropriate to the Customer's needs. After making this recommendation, the Company has no further duty regarding insurance, and no liability for loss of or damage to the goods during transport or storage that could have been covered by insurance on the goods, whether such loss or damage has been caused or contributed to by its negligence or breach of these conditions, or otherwise.
14. NOTIFICATION OF CLAIMS
- The Customer on its own behalf and on behalf of the owner of the goods shall notify the Company in writing of any claim
- (a) in case of loss and/or damage to goods within 7 days of the completion of transit,
- (b) in case of delay in delivery or non-delivery within 45 days of the date when the goods should have been delivered,
- (c) in any other case within 45 days of the event giving rise to the claim.
- If a claim was not discoverable by the exercise of reasonable care within the applicable time period, the Customer must give notice forthwith after receiving information as to events that may give rise to a claim. Failing notice as required by this clause, the claim is barred and no action can be brought against the Company to enforce the claim.
15. LIMITATION OF LIABILITY
- Compensation for any claim for which the Company is liable shall not in any event exceed:
- (a) 2 SDR (SDR = IMF Special Drawing Right) per kilo of the gross weight of the goods that are the subject of the claim;
- (b) 666.67 SDR per enumerated package of goods that are the subject of the claim; or
- (c) 75,000 SDR per transaction;
- whichever is less, provided however that where a higher limitation of liability is mandatorily applicable by law then that higher limitation of liability shall apply.
- Without prejudice to any other conditions herein or other defences available to the Company, in no circumstances whatsoever shall the Company be liable to the Customer or owner for consequential or indirect loss, including losses arising from delay or loss of market.
- Upon the Customer’s written request, the Company may accept liability in excess of these limits in writing, provided the Customer pays the Company’s additional charges for such increased liability.
- The Customer shall indemnify the Company against all duties, taxes, payments, fines, expenses, losses, claims and liabilities, including without limitation any storage, demurrage, port, or terminal charges and any liability to indemnify any other person against claims made against such other person by the Customer or by the owner
- (a) for which the Company may be held responsible unless caused or contributed to by any negligence or breach of duty of the Company, or
- (b) in excess of the liability of the Company in accordance with these Conditions,
- resulting from or connected with the actions of the Company related to any service to which these Conditions apply.
17. SET OFF AND COUNTERCLAIM
- The Customer shall pay to the Company in cash, or as otherwise agreed, all sums immediately when due without reduction or deferment on account of any claim, counterclaim or set off.
18. RIGHT OF DETENTION AND LIEN
- All goods (and documents relating to goods) shall be subject to a particular and general lien and right of detention for monies owing either in respect of such goods, or for any particular or general balance or other monies owed, whether then due or not, by the Customer, sender, consignee or owner of the goods to the Company. If these monies remain unpaid for 10 days after the Company sends notice of the exercise of its rights to these persons by any means of communication reasonable in the circumstances, the goods may be sold by private contract or otherwise at the sole discretion of the Company, and the net proceeds applied on account of the monies owing. The Company will not be liable for any deficiencies or reduction in value received on the sale of the goods nor, will the Customer be relieved from the liability merely because the goods have been sold.
19. FORCE MAJEURE
- The Company shall be relieved of any and all liability for any loss or damage if, and to the extent that, such loss or damage is the result of an event or circumstance (a “force majeure” event) that prevents the Company from performing one or more of its contractual obligations to the extent that the Company is affected by an impediment which is beyond its reasonable control, such impediment could not reasonably have been foreseen and could not reasonably been avoided or overcome by the Company acting in a commercially reasonable manner.
- The following events shall be presumed to be a "force majeure" event:
- (a) war (whether declared or not), hostilities, invasion, acts of foreign enemies, extensive military mobilization;
- (b) civil war, riot, rebellion and revolution, military or usurped power, insurrection, acts of terrorism, sabotage or piracy;
- (c) currency and trade restriction, blockade, embargo, sanction;
- (d) act of government authority whether lawful or unlawful, compliance with any law or governmental order, expropriation, seizure of works, requisition, nationalization;
- (e) plague, epidemic, pandemic, natural disaster, extreme natural event, extreme weather event, nuclear, chemical or biological contamination;
- (f) explosion, fire, destruction of equipment, prolonged break-down of transport, telecommunication, information system or energy;
- (g) general labour disturbance such as boycott, strike and lock-out, go-slow, occupation of factories and premises; or any other event or circumstance beyond the Company’s control.
- In such circumstances the Company is entitled to modify its services, procedures, rates, prices, and surcharges as in the Company’s reasonable discretion are considered necessary, and the Company is entitled to full remuneration and indemnity for any charges so incurred or applied.
20. TIME BAR
- The Company shall, unless otherwise expressly agreed, be discharged of all liability under these conditions unless suit is brought within 9 months from
- (a) the date of delivery of the goods for claims to damage to goods, or
- (b) the date when the goods should have been delivered for claims for delay in delivery or loss of goods.
- With respect to loss or damage other than loss of or damage to the goods, the 9 months period shall be counted from the time when the act or omission of the Company giving rise to the claim occurred.
21. CUSTOMARY REMUNERATION RECEIVED FROM THIRD PARTIES
- The Company shall be entitled to be paid and retain all brokerages paid by carriers, commissions, documentation allowances, profits on foreign exchange and other remunerations paid by third parties as is customary in the trade.
22. APPLICABLE LAW AND JURISDICTION
- These Conditions shall be governed by the laws of Canada and of the province within Canada in which the Company has its principal place of business. By accepting the services provided under these Conditions, the Customer irrevocably attorns to the exclusive jurisdiction of the Courts of that Province and the Federal Court of Canada. The Parties agree that where they have used electronic communications to transact in whole or in part any business such communications will be given legal effect in accordance with the provisions (so far as they may be applicable) of the Uniform Electronic Commerce Act as approved by the Uniform Law Conference of Canada.
"The English version of these Standard Trading Conditions of CIFFA shall be decisive. The Standard Trading Conditions of CIFFA shall be translated and available in French. In the event of a dispute, the English version of the STC’s shall prevail."